Thanjavur District is one of the 32 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India . It had a population of 2,216,138 as of 2001. It is 33.78% urbanised. The district has a literacy rate of 75.45%, 10.51% above the average for the state.
Agriculture is the main source of livelihood for most of the people of thanjavur. Cultivation has been the major occupation of the local inhabitants of Thanjavur since the land is ideally suited for growing crops like rice and wheat. And it is a place with rich in water fertility.